International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Published by: Kowsar

Age-Period-Cohort Analysis of Obesity and Overweight in Iranian Children and Adolescents

Mostafa Hosseini 1 , 2 , Roya Kelishadi 3 , Masoud Baikpour 4 , Neamatollah Ataei 1 , 5 , Mostafa Qorbani 6 , Mahmoud Yousefifard 7 , Ramin Heshmat 8 , Mohammad-Esmail Motlagh 9 , Behnaz Bazargani 1 , 5 , Arash Abbasi 1 , 5 and Kazem Mohammad 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease Research Center, the Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Pediatrics, Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-Communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Pediatric Nephrology, The Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Department of Community Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
7 Physiology Research Center and Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
8 Chronic Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
9 Department of Pediatrics, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism: October 2017, 15 (4); e13561
  • Published Online: July 30, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: February 16, 2017
  • Revised: June 21, 2017
  • Accepted: July 1, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijem.13561

To Cite: Hosseini M, Kelishadi R, Baikpour M, Ataei N, Qorbani M, et al. Age-Period-Cohort Analysis of Obesity and Overweight in Iranian Children and Adolescents, Int J Endocrinol Metab. 2017 ; 15(4):e13561. doi: 10.5812/ijem.13561.

Copyright © 2017, International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Hosseini M, Navidi I, Hesamifard B, Yousefifard M, Jafari N, Poorchaloo SR, et al. Weight, height and body mass index nomograms; early adiposity rebound in a sample of children in tehran, iran. Int J Prev Med. 2013; 4(12): 1414-20[PubMed]
  • 2. Hosseini M, Baikpour M, Yousefifard M, Mansournia MA, Yaseri M, Asady H, et al. Body mass index percentile curves for 7 to 18 year old children and adolescents; are the sample populations from Tehran nationally representative? Int J Pediatr. 2016; 4(6): 1926-34
  • 3. Hosseini M, Ataei N, Aghamohammadi A, Yousefifard M, Taslimi S, Ataei F. The relation of body mass index and blood pressure in Iranian children and adolescents aged 7-18 years old. Iran J Public Health. 2010; 39(4): 126-34[PubMed]
  • 4. Hosseini M, Kelishadi R, Yousefifard M, Qorbani M, Bazargani B, Heshmat R, et al. Height-adjusted percentiles evaluated central obesity in children and adolescents more effectively than just waist circumference. Acta Paediatr. 2017; 106(1): 112-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM. Prevalence of childhood and adult obesity in the United States, 2011-2012. JAMA. 2014; 311(8): 806-14[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Karnik S, Kanekar A. Childhood obesity: a global public health crisis. Int J Prev Med. 2012; 3(1): 1-7[PubMed]
  • 7. Goldschmidt AB, Wilfley DE, Paluch RA, Roemmich JN, Epstein LH. Indicated prevention of adult obesity: how much weight change is necessary for normalization of weight status in children? JAMA Pediatr. 2013; 167(1): 21-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Waters E, de Silva‐Sanigorski A, Burford BJ, Brown T, Campbell KJ, Gao Y, et al. Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Cochrane Lib. 2011; 12: 1-212
  • 9. Centers for Disease C. CDC grand rounds: childhood obesity in the United States. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011; 60(2): 42-6[PubMed]
  • 10. Olza J, Ruperez AI, Gil-Campos M, Leis R, Fernandez-Orth D, Tojo R, et al. Influence of FTO variants on obesity, inflammation and cardiovascular disease risk biomarkers in Spanish children: a case-control multicentre study. BMC Med Genet. 2013; 14: 123[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Hedley AA, Ogden CL, Johnson CL, Carroll MD, Curtin LR, Flegal KM. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among US children, adolescents, and adults, 1999-2002. JAMA. 2004; 291(23): 2847-50[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Magarey AM, Daniels LA, Boulton TJ. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Australian children and adolescents: reassessment of 1985 and 1995 data against new standard international definitions. Med J Aust. 2001; 174(11): 561-4[PubMed]
  • 13. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM. Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and adolescents, 1999-2010. JAMA. 2012; 307(5): 483-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Heude B, Lafay L, Borys JM, Thibult N, Lommez A, Romon M, et al. Time trend in height, weight, and obesity prevalence in school children from Northern France, 1992-2000. Diabetes Metab. 2003; 29(3): 235-40[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Park YS, Lee DH, Choi JM, Kang YJ, Kim CH. Trend of obesity in school age children in Seoul over the past 23 years. Korean J Pediatr. 2004; 47(3): 247-57
  • 16. de Onis M, Blossner M, Borghi E. Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010; 92(5): 1257-64[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Hosseini M, Yousefifard M, Baikpour M, Rafei A, Fayaz M, Heshmat R, et al. Twenty-year dynamics of hypertension in Iranian adults: age, period, and cohort analysis. J Am Soc Hypertens. 2015; 9(12): 925-34[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Szklo M, Nieto FJ. Epidemiology: beyond the basics. 2007;
  • 19. Massarrat MS, Tahaghoghi-Mehrizi S. Iranian national health survey: a brief report. Arch Iranian Med. 2002; 5(2): 7379
  • 20. Ahadi Z, Shafiee G, Qorbani M, Sajedinejad S, Kelishadi R, Arzaghi SM, et al. An overview on the successes, challenges and future perspective of a national school-based surveillance program: the CASPIAN study. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2014; 13(1): 120[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Kelishadi R, Ardalan G, Qorbani M, Ataie-Jafari A, Bahreynian M, Taslimi M, et al. Methodology and Early Findings of the Fourth Survey of Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Non-Communicable Disease in Iran: The CASPIAN-IV Study. Int J Prev Med. 2013; 4(12): 1451-60[PubMed]
  • 22. Rosenthal N, Santini MP, Musaro A. Growth factor enhancement of cardiac regeneration. Cell Transplant. 2006; 15 Suppl 1-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Yang Y, Fu WJ, Land KC. 2. A methodological comparison of age-period-cohort models: The intrinsic estimator and conventional generalized linear models. Sociological methodology. 2004; 34(1): 75-110
  • 24. Yang Y. Trends in U.S. adult chronic disease mortality, 1960-1999: age, period, and cohort variations. Demography. 2008; 45(2): 387-416[PubMed]
  • 25. Thomsen BL, Ekstrom CT, Sorensen TI. Development of the obesity epidemic in Denmark: cohort, time and age effects among boys born 1930-1975. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1999; 23(7): 693-701[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Bahadoran Z, Mirmiran P, Golzarand M, Hosseini-Esfahani F, Azizi F. Fast food consumption in Iranian adults; dietary intake and cardiovascular risk factors: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Arch Iran Med. 2012; 15(6): 346-51[PubMed]
  • 27. Esteghamati A, Khalilzadeh O, Mohammad K, Meysamie A, Rashidi A, Kamgar M, et al. Secular trends of obesity in Iran between 1999 and 2007: National Surveys of Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2010; 8(3): 209-13[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Kelishadi R, Hovsepian S, Qorbani M, Jamshidi F, Fallah Z, Djalalinia S, et al. National and sub-national prevalence, trend, and burden of cardiometabolic risk factors in Iranian children and adolescents, 1990 - 2013. Arch Iran Med. 2014; 17(1): 71-80[PubMed]
  • 29. Yang Y, Schulhofer‐Wohl S, Fu W J, Land K C. The intrinsic estimator for age‐period‐cohort analysis: What it is and how to use it. Am J Sociol. 2008; 113(6): 1697-736[DOI]
  • 30. Ghassemi H, Harrison G, Mohammad K. An accelerated nutrition transition in Iran. Public Health Nutr. 2002; 5(1A): 149-55[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Must A, Eliasziw M, Phillips SM, Curtin C, Kral TV, Segal M, et al. The Effect of Age on the Prevalence of Obesity among US Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Child Obes. 2017; 13(1): 25-35[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments