Prevalent Practices of Thyroid Diseases During Pregnancy Among Endocrinologists, Internists and General Practitioners

Authors Information
Article Notes and Dates
To Cite : Azizi F, Mehran L, Amouzegar A, Alamdari S, Subetki I, et al. Prevalent Practices of Thyroid Diseases During Pregnancy Among Endocrinologists, Internists and General Practitioners, Int J Endocrinol Metab. 2016 ;14(1):e29601. doi: 10.5812/ijem.29601.
Copyright: Copyright © 2016, International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. .
Abstract
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnote
References
  • 1. Krassas GE, Poppe K, Glinoer D. Thyroid function and human reproductive health. Endocr Rev. 2010; 31(5): 702-55[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Burman KD. Controversies surrounding pregnancy, maternal thyroid status, and fetal outcome. Thyroid. 2009; 19(4): 323-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Stagnaro-Green A, Abalovich M, Alexander E, Azizi F, Mestman J, Negro R, et al. Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease during pregnancy and postpartum. Thyroid. 2011; 21(10): 1081-125[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. De Groot L, Abalovich M, Alexander EK, Amino N, Barbour L, Cobin RH, et al. Management of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy and postpartum: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012; 97(8): 2543-65[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Azizi F, Amouzegar A, Mehran L, Alamdari S, Subekti I, Vaidya B, et al. Screening and management of hypothyroidism in pregnancy: results of an Asian survey. Endocr J. 2014; 61(7): 697-704[PubMed]
  • 6. Azizi F, Amouzegar A, Mehran L, Alamdari S, Subekti I, Vaidya B, et al. Management of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy in Asia. Endocr J. 2014; 61(8): 751-8[PubMed]
  • 7. Vaidya B, Hubalewska-Dydejczyk A, Laurberg P, Negro R, Vermiglio F, Poppe K. Treatment and screening of hypothyroidism in pregnancy: results of a European survey. Eur J Endocrinol. 2012; 166(1): 49-54[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Azizi F, Amouzegar A. Management of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy and lactation. Eur J Endocrinol. 2011; 164(6): 871-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Mestman JH. Hyperthyroidism in pregnancy. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1997; 40(1): 45-64[PubMed]
  • 10. Bahn RS, Burch HS, Cooper DS, Garber JR, Greenlee CM, Klein IL, et al. The Role of Propylthiouracil in the Management of Graves' Disease in Adults: report of a meeting jointly sponsored by the American Thyroid Association and the Food and Drug Administration. Thyroid. 2009; 19(7): 673-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Clementi M, Di Gianantonio E, Cassina M, Leoncini E, Botto LD, Mastroiacovo P, et al. Treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy and birth defects. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010; 95(11)-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Ochoa-Maya MR, Frates MC, Lee-Parritz A, Seely EW. Resolution of fetal goiter after discontinuation of propylthiouracil in a pregnant woman with Graves' hyperthyroidism. Thyroid. 1999; 9(11): 1111-4[PubMed]
  • 13. Tan JY, Loh KC, Yeo GS, Chee YC. Transient hyperthyroidism of hyperemesis gravidarum. BJOG. 2002; 109(6): 683-8[PubMed]
  • 14. Mitsuda N, Tamaki H, Amino N, Hosono T, Miyai K, Tanizawa O. Risk factors for developmental disorders in infants born to women with Graves disease. Obstet Gynecol. 1992; 80(3 Pt 1): 359-64[PubMed]
  • 15. Russo MW, Galanko JA, Shrestha R, Fried MW, Watkins P. Liver transplantation for acute liver failure from drug induced liver injury in the United States. Liver Transpl. 2004; 10(8): 1018-23[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Azizi F, Hedayati M. Thyroid function in breast-fed infants whose mothers take high doses of methimazole. J Endocrinol Invest. 2002; 25(6): 493-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Azizi F, Bahrainian M, Khamseh ME, Khoshniat M. Intellectual development and thyroid function in children who were breast-fed by thyrotoxic mothers taking methimazole. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2003; 16(9): 1239-43[PubMed]
  • 18. Negro R, Schwartz A, Gismondi R, Tinelli A, Mangieri T, Stagnaro-Green A. Universal screening versus case finding for detection and treatment of thyroid hormonal dysfunction during pregnancy. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010; 95(4): 1699-707[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Vaidya B, Anthony S, Bilous M, Shields B, Drury J, Hutchison S, et al. Detection of thyroid dysfunction in early pregnancy: Universal screening or targeted high-risk case finding? J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007; 92(1): 203-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Horacek J, Spitalnikova S, Dlabalova B, Malirova E, Vizda J, Svilias I, et al. Universal screening detects two-times more thyroid disorders in early pregnancy than targeted high-risk case finding. Eur J Endocrinol. 2010; 163(4): 645-50[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Haddow JE, Palomaki GE, Allan WC, Williams JR, Knight GJ, Gagnon J, et al. Maternal thyroid deficiency during pregnancy and subsequent neuropsychological development of the child. N Engl J Med. 1999; 341(8): 549-55[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Casey BM, Dashe JS, Wells CE, McIntire DD, Byrd W, Leveno KJ, et al. Subclinical hypothyroidism and pregnancy outcomes. Obstet Gynecol. 2005; 105(2): 239-45[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Liu H, Momotani N, Noh JY, Ishikawa N, Takebe K, Ito K. Maternal hypothyroidism during early pregnancy and intellectual development of the progeny. Arch Intern Med. 1994; 154(7): 785-7[PubMed]
  • 24. Lazarus JH, Bestwick JP, Channon S, Paradice R, Maina A, Rees R, et al. Antenatal thyroid screening and childhood cognitive function. N Engl J Med. 2012; 366(6): 493-501[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Alexander EK, Marqusee E, Lawrence J, Jarolim P, Fischer GA, Larsen PR. Timing and magnitude of increases in levothyroxine requirements during pregnancy in women with hypothyroidism. N Engl J Med. 2004; 351(3): 241-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Mandel SJ, Larsen PR, Seely EW, Brent GA. Increased need for thyroxine during pregnancy in women with primary hypothyroidism. N Engl J Med. 1990; 323(2): 91-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Rotondi M, Mazziotti G, Sorvillo F, Piscopo M, Cioffi M, Amato G, et al. Effects of increased thyroxine dosage pre-conception on thyroid function during early pregnancy. Eur J Endocrinol. 2004; 151(6): 695-700[PubMed]
  • 28. Yassa L, Marqusee E, Fawcett R, Alexander EK. Thyroid hormone early adjustment in pregnancy (the THERAPY) trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010; 95(7): 3234-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Thangaratinam S, Tan A, Knox E, Kilby MD, Franklyn J, Coomarasamy A. Association between thyroid autoantibodies and miscarriage and preterm birth: meta-analysis of evidence. BMJ. 2011; 342[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Iravani AT, Saeedi MM, Pakravesh J, Hamidi S, Abbasi M. Thyroid autoimmunity and recurrent spontaneous abortion in Iran: a case-control study. Endocr Pract. 2008; 14(4): 458-64[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Negro R, Formoso G, Mangieri T, Pezzarossa A, Dazzi D, Hassan H. Levothyroxine treatment in euthyroid pregnant women with autoimmune thyroid disease: effects on obstetrical complications. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006; 91(7): 2587-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Moleti M, Trimarchi F, Vermiglio F. Doubts and Concerns about Isolated Maternal Hypothyroxinemia. J Thyroid Res. 2011; 2011: 463029[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Casey BM, Dashe JS, Spong CY, McIntire DD, Leveno KJ, Cunningham GF. Perinatal significance of isolated maternal hypothyroxinemia identified in the first half of pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2007; 109(5): 1129-35[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Henrichs J, Bongers-Schokking JJ, Schenk JJ, Ghassabian A, Schmidt HG, Visser TJ, et al. Maternal thyroid function during early pregnancy and cognitive functioning in early childhood: the generation R study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010; 95(9): 4227-34[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Greenwald HP, Peterson ML, Garrison LP, Hart LG, Moscovice IS, Hall TL, et al. Interspecialty variation in office-based care. Med Care. 1984; 22(1): 14-29[PubMed]
  • 36. Strauss MJ, Conrad D, LoGerfo JP, Hudson LD, Bergner M. Cost and outcome of care for patients with chronic obstructive lung disease. Analysis by physician specialty. Med Care. 1986; 24(10): 915-24[PubMed]
  • 37. Engel W, Freund DA, Stein JS, Fletcher RH. The treatment of patients with asthma by specialists and generalists. Med Care. 1989; 27(3): 306-14[PubMed]
  • 38. Greenfield S, Nelson EC, Zubkoff M, Manning W, Rogers W, Kravitz RL, et al. Variations in resource utilization among medical specialties and systems of care. Results from the medical outcomes study. JAMA. 1992; 267(12): 1624-30[PubMed]
  • 39. Greco PJ, Eisenberg JM. Changing physicians' practices. N Engl J Med. 1993; 329(17): 1271-3[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiaion Alert via Google Reader

Cited By:

International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism accepts terms & conditions of:

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Citedby Linking DOI enabled Crossref iThenticate COPE Cross Check