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Health Locus of Control in Patients With Graves-Basedow Disease and Hashimoto Disease and Their Acceptance of Illness

AUTHORS

Malgorzata Anna Basinska 1 , * , Anna Andruszkiewicz 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, malbasinska@wp.pl, Poland

2 Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland

How to Cite: Basinska M A, Andruszkiewicz A. Health Locus of Control in Patients With Graves-Basedow Disease and Hashimoto Disease and Their Acceptance of Illness, Int J Endocrinol Metab. Online ahead of Print ; 10(3):537-542. doi: 10.5812/ijem.3932.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism: 10 (3); 537-542
Published Online: June 30, 2012
Article Type: Original Article
Received: December 22, 2011
Accepted: April 10, 2012
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Abstract

Background: Adaptation to a chronic somatic disease depends on a variety of factors, including belief in health locus of control.

Objectives: Correlation between health locus of control and illness acceptance in patients with Graves-Basedow and Hashimoto diseases as well as correlation between health locus of control, illness acceptance, sex, and age.

Patients and Methods: Three methods were applied: Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale by K.A. Wallston, B.S. Wallston and R. DeVellis; the Acceptance of Illness Scale by B.J. Felton, T.A. Revenson, and G.A. Hinrichsena; and a personal questionnaire. Two groups were subject to the research: 68 patients with Graves-Basedow disease and 54 patients with Hashimoto disease.

Results: Patients with Graves-Basedow disease, women above all, have their health locus of control in other persons (P = 0,001) and are less inclined to accept their illness (P = 0,005) when compared to patients with Hashimoto disease. A statistically significant correlation occurred between the age of patients and external (i.e., in other persons) health locus of control.

Conclusions: Beliefs in health locus of control and type of illness in female patient group are predictors of illness acceptance (P = 0,0009).

Keywords

Graves Disease Hashimoto Disease

© 2012, International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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