Advantage of Applying OSC to
1H NMR-Based Metabonomic Data of Celiac Disease
International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism: 10 (3); 548-552
June 30, 2012
Article Type: Original Article
November 2, 2011
April 17, 2012
M R, Rostami Nejad
M, et al. Advantage of Applying OSC to 1H NMR-Based Metabonomic Data of Celiac Disease,
Int J Endocrinol Metab.
Online ahead of Print
Celiac disease (CD) is a disorder associated with body reaction to gluten. After the gluten intake, an immune reaction against the protein occurs and damages villi of small intestine in celiac patients gradually.
The OSC, a filtering method for minimization of inter- and intra-spectrometer variations that influence on data acquisition, was applied to biofluid NMR data of CD patients.
Patients and Methods:
In this study, metabolites of total 56 serum samples from 12 CD patients, 15 CD patients taking gluten-free diet (GFD), and 29 healthy cases were analyzed using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and associated theoretical analysis. Employing ProMetab (version ProMetab_v3_3) software, data obtained from NMR spectra were reduced and orthogonal signal correction (OSC) effect on celiac disease metabonomics before and after the separation by principle component analysis (PCA) was investigated.
The three groups were separated by OSC and findings were analyzed by partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) method. Root mean square error of calibration (RMSEc) and correlation coefficient of calibration (Rc) for PLS-DA referred to an efficient group separation filtered by OSC.
The applied leave-one-out cross-validation to PLS-DA method performed along with OSC confirmed validation of data analysis. Finally four metabolites are introduced as CD biomarkers.
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Principle Component Analysis; Discriminant Analysis; Celiac Disease
© 2012, International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.