Physical Activity as a Strategy to Reduce the Risk of Osteoporosis and Fragility Fractures

AUTHORS

Magnus Karl Karlsson 1 , * , Bjorn Erik Rosengren 1

1 Clinical and Molecular Osteoporosis Research Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Department of Orthopaedics, Skane University Hospital, [email protected], Sweden

How to Cite: Karl Karlsson M, Erik Rosengren B. Physical Activity as a Strategy to Reduce the Risk of Osteoporosis and Fragility Fractures, Int J Endocrinol Metab. Online ahead of Print ; 10(3):527-536. doi: 10.5812/ijem.3309.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism: 10 (3); 527-536
Published Online: June 30, 2012
Article Type: Review Article
Received: October 25, 2011
Accepted: March 8, 2012
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Abstract

ABSTRACT: Childhood and adolescence are critical periods for the skeleton. Mechanical load has then been shown to be one of the best stimuli to enhance not only bone mass, but also structural skeletal adaptations, as both contributing to bone strength. Exercise prescription also includes a window of opportunity to improve bone strength in the late pre- and early peri-pubertal period. There is some evidence supporting the notion that skeletal gains obtained by mechanical load during growth are maintained at advanced age despite a reduction of physical activity in adulthood. The fact that former male athletes have a lower fracture risk than expected in their later years does not oppose the view that physical activity during growth and adolescence is important and it should be supported as one feasible strategy to reduce the future incidence of fragility fractures.

Keywords

Osteoporosis Physical Activity Athletes

© 2012, International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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