Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Precipitating Factor for Perioperative Diabetic Ketoacidosis

AUTHORS

Vishal Sehgal 1 , Sukhminder jit Singh Bajwa 2 , * , Abbas Kitabchi 3

1 Regional Hospital of Scranton, The Commonwealth Medical College Scranton, PA, USA

2 Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Banur, Patiala, Punjab, India, [email protected]

3 Department of Medicine and Endocrinology, A202 Coleman College of Medicine Building, Court Avenue, Memphis TN, USA

How to Cite: Sehgal V, Bajwa S J S, Kitabchi A. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Precipitating Factor for Perioperative Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Int J Endocrinol Metab. Online ahead of Print ; 11(2):126-8. doi: 10.5812/ijem.7183.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism: 11 (2); 126-8
Published Online: March 31, 2013
Article Type: Case Report
Received: June 9, 2012
Accepted: July 15, 2012
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Abstract

Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) is a common disease entity in patients with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) is not only one of the major complications of Diabetes Mellitus but also a significant challenging clinical entity for the patients undergoing any elective or emergency surgery. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) being done in a patient with DKA has not been reported. We are presenting a rare case with DKA in whom CABG was carried out in a hospital devoted exclusively to cardiac cases. Insulin was given in very large doses as a part of therapeutic regimen and the outcome was favorable. This report concludes that if a patient undergoing urgent cardiac surgery incidentally develops DKA after induction of anesthesia, then the operation can be carried out provided DKA is managed aggressively. Also, major stress factors like cardio pulmonary bypass (CPB) and hypothermia should be avoided and care should be taken to avoid cerebral edema.

Keywords

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Diabetes Mellitus Diabetic Ketoacidosis Insulin

© 2013, International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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